Moe Long - The Penny Hoarder

When I started freelance writing five years ago, I ran a fairly humble operation, putting together the occasional article.

But as I gained more exposure and assumed staff writing roles with more sites, I had to start viewing freelancing as more than a casual gig. Even in its early stages, freelancing is a business.

As my business grew from informal side hustle to regular projects and clients started reaching out to me, I realized I needed help. Instead of posting on job boards seeking an unpaid intern, I sought out the best tools that would allow me to focus on my work, and more importantly, scale it.

Going from one client to five, 10 or more means a lot of organization, time management and prioritization. Thankfully, there are loads of (free!) programs that can help out. Here are the top seven free tools I use to run my freelance business.

1. Trello

Cost: Free, with paid tiers available

Project management is no less important in a freelance business than it is in a traditional workplace, but there are key differences: You are your own boss, and without a salary, not staying on top of your deadlines means not getting paid.

The Write Life offers six time-management tips for freelancers, including scheduling, prioritizing, organization and starting early. I accomplish these tasks with Trello.

Essentially a Kanban board, Trello lets me create various boards for projects, and drag and drop cards into columns.

I set mine up as an editorial board to visually maintain my writing assignments. It’s a pretty simple but effective solution for tracking project status. I use five columns, which represent the stages of my writing process: Article Pitch, Researching, Writing, Editing, Submitted and Published.

MCL Trello Board

When I tackle a new project, I create a card in the Article Pitch column. As the piece moves through the writing process, so does my card.

To set priorities, I add labels (green for low, yellow for medium, red for high), assign due dates and create a checklist for subtasks. I even receive notifications about impending deadlines from the Trello apps on my smartphone and tablet.

Trello provides a bevy of resources for creating workflows and making templates, and there’s even a dedicated resource section for freelancers and consultants. The templates are pretty bare-bones, but the Trello blog offers a collection of use cases and specific ideas.

2. Tomato Timer

Cost: Free

As my own boss, I’m responsible for managing my time. Sure, working from home means I skip the lengthy commute, but the flexibility and setting carry their own challenges. I found myself getting distracted easily, especially at first.

Then I discovered the Pomodoro Technique and started using Tomato Timer. Francesco Cirillo founded this concept in the ‘80s, and the simple productivity strategy yields huge benefits.

I set a timer for 25 minutes and work on a given task (and only that task) during that time. Once the timer goes off, I’ve completed the first Pomodoro and reward myself with a three- to five-minute break. After four Pomodoros, I take a 20- to 30-minute break.

So why use the Pomodoro Technique? While I love the freedom to self-manage, this method helps me get started faster. Rather than staring into the void of an empty text document, I start my timer and race to get as much as possible done in 25 minutes.

Plus, it helps me stop procrastinating. Regardless of whether you work in an office or at home, you’ve probably been hit with the urge to check Facebook, Twitter, Reddit or something else that’s not work.

The Pomodoro Technique and its built-in breaks are like interval training, but for work. A bit of rest between sprints helps me stay focused longer and be more productive when I’m on task.

I use the free Tomato Timer since there’s no download required, but you can choose from loads of other free apps.

3. Wave

Cost: Free, with paid tiers available

As a writer, I pride myself on being able to calculate a tip, but my math skills pretty much end there. Ultimately, I’m not an accountant.

But freelancing means you have to stay on top of issues like paying quarterly taxes, determining deductions, record keeping and, of course, invoicing. Wave, branded as “real accounting for non-accountants,” is an awesome tool I’ve used to simplify these processes.

Its accounting, receipt scanning, and invoicing software is all free and pretty comprehensive, and you can integrate PayPal, Microsoft Excel and your bank accounts.

Many sites I write for, whether as recurring or one-off gigs, pay via PayPal, and Wave automatically lists each transaction. I use my credit card and PayPal for both business and personal matters, so it’s great that Wave allows me to separate those transactions. This simplifies my bookkeeping and budgeting.

The tool even handles transactions in multiple currencies, a particularly awesome inclusion for us digital nomads.

As any freelancer knows, or will quickly learn, keeping track of receipts is a must. The receipts feature helps me stay organized and keep detailed records with web, mobile and email uploads.

4. Grammarly

Cost: Free, with a paid version available

As a writer, I take pride in my proper command of the English language and grammar. However, I write a ton -- articles, social media posts, emails and even grocery lists -- so it’s refreshing to have a sort of real-time editor to help my writing look its best.

If I commit an error in a simple email correspondence with a client, or worse, a potential client, it reflects poorly -- especially considering I’m pitching a project that centers on my strengths as a writer and editor.

To help with this, I installed Grammarly on my browser, and there’s even a Microsoft Office integration. Although I give all my pieces a second and third read-through, Grammarly helps me make the initial draft much more polished.

It’s like collaborating with an editor as I write, and the decreased time I spend on editing means I can earn more money in less time. Using Grammarly allows me to focus on the content and worry less about the grammar.   

5. Zapier

Cost: Free, with paid tiers available

My business involves a lot of moving parts. I use email and Slack for communication, Trello for project management, a slew of social media sites, and a handful of content management systems. Zapier lets me set up custom integrations between those tools.

For instance, I configured Zapier to send Trello notifications to Slack. When I move a Trello card, Zapier sends a Slack notification that lets me, or fellow freelance staff writers, know the updated project status.

Zapier also helped me connect Gmail and Trello. When a client contacts me with a project proposal, I can create Trello cards directly from the email.

When I officially accept a project, I tag it with the “Freelance” label in Gmail. This automatically generates a card in Trello with custom fields that include the email body. To edit the card, I still have to go into Trello, but this is still a lot less work than creating it from scratch. The more processes I can automate, the more I can focus on the project itself.

Zapier offers near limitless possibilities, and its pretty hefty free plan lets me run five Zaps (automated integrations) with up to 100 tasks a month.

6. and 7. Buffer and Hootsuite

Cost: Free, with paid versions available

For freelancers, social media is a landscape to network, display talent, stay connected with clients and more. I’ve landed gigs and gained invaluable exposure by taking articles viral through social growth hacking. One tech company recruited me to contribute to its blog after seeing my work on social media, and filmmakers frequently send me screeners or set up interviews through Twitter and Facebook.

Buffer and Hootsuite streamline my social media management; this is how I manage my Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Google Plus, and Instagram.

By scheduling my social media posts in a block, I save invaluable time. Rather than navigating to each social media site individually, I simply schedule my content to share through Buffer and Hootsuite. In about 10 to 15 minutes, I can set up all the content I want to share over the next few days.  

The free Hootsuite tier provides unlimited scheduling and more comprehensive analytics, while Buffer’s free package offers a streamlined user interface but only 10 scheduled posts per account.

However, Hootsuite’s free plan limits me to three social media profiles, whereas I’ve set up Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Google Plus through Buffer. Using a hybrid of Buffer and Hootsuite gives me the flexibility to schedule out posts across all my social networks.

Your Turn: What free tools do you use to run your freelance business?

Moe Long is the Founder/Editor in Chief of Cup of Moe, and staff writer for MakeUseOf, TechBeacon, Cliqist, Bubbleblabber and EpicStream. When not hammering away at his keyboard, he can be found drinking far too much coffee and rewatching “Star Trek: The Next Generation.”

I was first introduced to kombucha by my high school English teacher, and once I tasted that sweet yet tangy deliciousness, I was instantly hooked.

My thirst for kombucha, refreshing and healthy, was limited by its cost, about $4 a bottle. Just walking past the beverage cooler often made my wallet hurt. Thus, I stuck to consuming this fermented favorite in moderation.

Making kombucha

As delicious and refreshing as kombucha is, paying $4 a bottle seemed crazy expensive, especially since it’s tea, sugar, water and bacteria. There’s a reason Whole Foods is lovingly called Whole Paycheck, and kombucha is exhibit A.

Thus I began the journey to saving money by brewing my own kombucha.

What Do You Need to Make Your Own Kombucha?

Making kombucha

Gathering materials is pretty simple. You likely have most of the ingredients and equipment already in your kitchen. I know I did.

Water? Check. Tea? Yep. Sugar? Got that, too.

Scoby (also dubbed a kombucha mother; it’s a colony of bacteria and yeast that looks like a pancake)?

OK, so I didn’t have that, but you can easily buy one, get one from a friend or even make your own from scratch or the remnants of some store-bought kombucha (unflavored works best). Sites like Craigslist and local DIY communities are also great places to look for a scoby.

As for equipment, you’ll need a quart jar, coffee filters and a rubber band.

Thanks to my voracious coffee habit (I prefer French press, but there’s the Mr. Coffee for rushed mornings), a salvaged Classico spaghetti sauce jar and several sturdy rubber bands from broccoli I bought at the grocery store, I was in business.

What If You Don’t Have Any of That Stuff Already?

Making kombucha

Let’s take a step back though, as not everyone will be as fortunate to have most of the necessities on hand.

If you have to buy all of the ingredients, there’s a $6-$20 startup cost depending on how fancy you want to get with your sugar, tea, jars, etc.

Here’s a sample breakdown:

Black tea (20 bags): $3

5-pound bag of sugar: $3

Scoby, jars, coffee filter, rubber band: Free-$14

That small investment will get you through at least the first 10 quart batches, probably more, which works out to $1 or less per 16 ounces, or about 6.3 cents per ounce.

A 12-pack of 16-ounce bottles can cost you up to $170, though even the $50-80 range isn’t cheap. Sure, it’s healthier than soda, but that’s pretty steep. Even scaling down to 8-ounce bottles, a 12-24 pack runs about $30-45.

Even if we assume you have to buy all your supplies and get a mere 10 quarts from them, that’s a 50-75% minimum savings when compared to the store-bought variety.

Is It Hard?

Kombucha, I discovered, isn’t as difficult to produce as it may seem.

The initial activation took about 15-30 minutes. Check out this recipe or video to get started.

The first culturing session takes roughly 30 days, and it’s pretty hands off. Ideally, store your jar at room temperature and out of direct sunlight.

My tea spent a month on the top shelf of my pantry nestled between a bottle of Kahlua and a fifth of Jose Cuervo. Hey, you can’t survive on kombucha alone.

Water Kefir: Another Cheap, Easy Fermented Drink

Making kombucha

My kitchen curiosity was piqued. What other delights awaited the empty Ball jars decoratively displayed above my stove?

Enter water kefir. No, that wasn’t a typo. You’re probably familiar with milk kefir from wandering the grocery store aisles, and water kefir (compare to a beverage like La Croix or Zevia) is a reasonable facsimile.

It’s essentially liquid fermented by bacteria and yeast grains. As the name suggests, water kefir ferments, well, water -- sugar water, to be exact.

If you think kombucha is simple, water kefir is even easier. Just brew up a batch of sugar water, let it cool and plunk in a few gelatinous water kefir grains. A much shorter fermentation time later -- about four days -- you’ve got your first batch ready for flavoring and bottling.

Unfortunately, harvesting water kefir grains from scratch isn’t quite as easy as with kombucha, but it’s quite affordable, with some grains costing as little as $10. A quick Amazon search yields loads of results.

So what do you actually use water kefir for? It’s perfect as a base for drinks and foods, ranging from homemade “sodas” to desserts, and even toppings like salad dressing.

Add some lemon juice, and you’ve got lemonade. A few teaspoons of vanilla extract and you’ve transformed that water kefir into cream soda.

One of my favorite concoctions? The Shamrock Water Kefir Shake, which is a delightful combination of avocado, kale, mint extract, honey, coconut milk (I substitute almond milk), ice cubes and water kefir.

Sure, the mixture may sound odd, but it’s amazing. Pro-tip: be heavy-handed with the mint extract and honey to offset the garden undertones from the kale.

Like a kombucha scoby, water kefir grains can be reused in subsequent batches, and they actually multiply. I inherited a batch from a friend who needed to discard excess grains, so mine were free -- ask around in case anyone you know has extras!

Could Kombucha and Water Kefir Help You Save Money?

Making kombucha

Both drinks are packed with probiotics. Once I began consuming probiotic-loaded drinks on a regular basis, let’s just say I found my three-a-day probiotic and digestive enzyme regimen unnecessary.

If you’re a fellow probiotic fan, you know all too well just how pricy a bottle can be, and these fermented beverages helped alleviate the need to purchase those dietary supplements. I now had a near-limitless supply, plus the satisfaction of knowing I made it.

The Drawbacks of Making Your Own Kombucha and Kefir

Kombucha for a fraction of the price, nixing probiotics from your shopping list… by now you’re probably asking yourself “what’s the catch?”

Like anything living -- and yes, to quote Dr. Frankenstein, “it’s alive” -- booch and kefir need caring for. You have to feed them, or brew a new batch at regular intervals.

For kombucha, this means about a week to a month, but with water kefir, it’s every day or two. With water kefir especially, if you’re not quickly drinking what you’ve amassed, you may run out of bottles. If you’re getting overwhelmed, check out this guide to taking a break.

Still, it’s a small price to pay for the probiotic and savings benefits. At least you don’t have to walk your kefir when it’s freezing or raining outside.

Your Turn: Have you tried brewing your own kombucha or water kefir? How did it go, and did it help you save money?

Disclosure: A (kombucha) toast to savings! Thanks for allowing us to place affiliate links in this post.

Moe Long is a Durham Movies Examiner, and Contributing Writer for AXS, Cliqist, and Blasting News. When he’s not writing, you can find him drinking way too much coffee, listening to vinyl and watching “The X-Files” reruns.