Can You Work and Collect Social Security? The Short Answer is Yes
As simple words go, “retirement’’ carries a lot of weight and a lot of baggage.
Now that retirement is bouncing around in your mind, and you entertain the thought of giving up your day job, you ask yourself:
- Is my retirement income and Social Security going to be enough for my preferred lifestyle?
- What am I going to do with myself every day?
One answer responds to both questions. You can “retire,’’ collect Social Security, and still work and make money and be productive. The trick is there’s a limit to how much you can make depending on your age.
If you are at what Social Security deems full retirement age, you can collect and keep your full Social Security benefits and make as much money as you want.
If you are not yet at full retirement age but are receiving Social Security benefits, you can make up to $21,240 a year without penalty. That’s $1,770 a month, or $408 a week. We get into more details later in this post of what happens when you go over that amount.
How You Can Work and Collect Social Security
So let’s dive into the particulars that allow you to work while you are retired and collecting Social Security. And then let’s consider some types of work you can do in retirement to bring in some extra income.
The Meaning of Retirement
There is no such thing as “officially retired.” There is no legal definition, nor is there a legal designation.
You just decide one day you don’t want to work at the job or in the field to which you dedicated the first 30 or 40 years of your professional life. Often this coincides with your 65th birthday because that’s when you qualify for Medicare.
However, you can start taking Social Security benefits before 65, beginning at 62.
Full Retirement Age
The Social Security Administration website is clear and precise about making money while accepting benefits, but here is what you need to know:
Your full retirement age: If you were born Jan. 2, 1959 through Jan. 1, 1960, your full retirement age for retirement insurance benefits is 66 years and 10 months.
Every year earlier reduces the full retirement age by two months. Born in 1958, 66 years and 8 months. Born in 1957, 66 years and 6 months, and so on.
If you were born after the 1959 date, your full retirement age is 67 years old. If you were born 1943 to 1952, your full retirement age is 66.
The government has changed the full retirement age stipulations because people are living longer.
Salary Restrictions for 2023
If you are not yet at full retirement age but are receiving Social Security benefits, you can make up to $21,240 a year without penalty in 2023. That’s $1,770 a month, or $408 a week. That benefit increased for 2023 by more than $2,000 per year.
If you make more than that, your benefits are reduced by $1 for every $2 you make over the $21,240.
But get this: Once you reach full retirement age, the money that was subtracted from your Social Security benefits previously are refunded to you. You never really lose those funds, they are just held from you until you reach that magic age.
There are special rules depending on whether you receive a salary or are self-employed when you are working, but they differ based on when they are counted (when you earn the money versus when you get paid). The Social Security Administration website can address those particular items for you.
Suggestions for Work Even Before You Reach Full Retirement Age
Here are some suggestions of part-time jobs that can bring in some extra money. They may be more about what you want to do than what you have been doing. Check out these 13 ways to make money you might not have thought about. And more:
1. Indoor work
According to the AARP, bookkeeping is the most popular part-time position for workers of a certain age. This makes some sense: it is not physical, requires patience, and is likely not a popular job among younger people.
And if you’re so inclined to start your own virtual bookkeeping business you could make up to $69 a hour.
2. Health Care
Perhaps knowing that you may someday require healthcare assistance, it becomes attractive to offer help to those already in need. Older people are encouraged to apply for jobs as assistants to nursing homes and hospitals.
Certainly, certifications will make you more attractive as an employee, but there are jobs specifically for those people who want to help but did not originally work in healthcare and don’t have licenses or certificates.
There may also be opportunity in a less structured way. If you have a friend, or a friend who has a friend, with an older family member or neighbor that needs assistance during the day, let them know you are looking for work. You can offer your services to dive them to medical appointments, make lunch or simply provide a few hours of companionship.
The Penny Hoarder’s Work-From-Home Jobs Portal makes the remote-job hunt easy. Our journalists scour the web for the best gigs, vet the companies and aggregate the latest listings in one place.
3. Work with Children
Safety and care are uppermost in the minds of school administrations, and they offer several positions for older people interested in part-time work.
While “crossing guard’’ may be the first thing that comes to mind, schools, colleges and universities need staff that can provide some level of security for special events, and older people who may have grandchildren of their own have built-in radar for the well-being of children.
4. Outdoor Work
Your city or county leisure services or parks department may have work for you. If there’s a forestry department in your area, contact them.
From cleaning parks to walking through wooded areas looking for environmental concerns (downed trees, unexpected flooding, etc.), being paid to take a walk in nature is not a bad way to spend a day.
5. Helping Other Seniors
Many communities have Senior Centers that provide activities and services. Yes, there are people at Senior Centers playing bridge, canasta and chess.
But Senior Centers are also one of the first places employers turn when looking for people to fill paid positions that require attendance and attention. Consider your local Senior Center as a resource for finding a position that suits your interests.
Kent McDill is a veteran journalist who has specialized in personal finance topics since 2013. He is a contributor to The Penny Hoarder.