8 Steps You Probably Haven’t Taken to Finally Get Rid of Student Loan Debt
When I was at my brokest and plagued with student loan debt I couldn’t possibly repay, my first instinct was to ignore it.
Not my Penny Hoarder-est moment, I admit.
But what can you do when you’re choosing between groceries and the electricity bill, and the federal government asks for $300? I laughed and swept it under the rug… and racked up 10s of thousands in interest and fees over the years
I wish I’d known there were better options. If I’d have tried these tricks right after leaving college, I might not be sitting on $58,000 in debt right now.
I hope you can learn from my mistakes — and the troves of financial wisdom I’ve gained since joining The Penny Hoarder.
When it comes to paying off student loans, here are some smart ways pay them down faster — before they balloon to an unmanageable amount.
1. Figure Out What You Owe
The first step to paying off student loans is knowing what you owe.
Considering you often sign off on student loans as a teenager without a clear understanding of what they even are, we understand if you’re not 100% sure where to begin.
Credit Sesame will let you see how much money you owe and to whom (even if you’ve defaulted on loans). It’ll show your balance on both private and federal loans and offer tips to help reduce your debt and raise your credit score.
2. Lower Your Interest Rate
For some, this could be one of the best ways to pay off student loans.
Try getting a lower interest rate on your federal and private loans by refinancing with a company like Credible. Other companies offer similar services, but we like that the average Credible user saves about two interest points on their current federal loans
Refinancing will generally mean replacing your laundry list of loans with one (or a few) loans that bring all of your student debt under one umbrella.
This could simplify your life with one monthly payment, instead of several. It may also lower your monthly payment, improve your interest rate and/or give you more time to pay.
It might seem like a small difference, but a lower interest rate can mean a lot of savings over time. It’s helping grad Ashley Williams save more than $18,000 in interest over the life of her loan!
Enter your info at Credible to find out what your new interest rate could be.
3. Consolidate Federal Loans
While you can refinance your federal loans with a company like Credible, you should first apply for a direct consolidation loan through the Department of Education.
If you qualify, this will combine all your eligible federal loans under one umbrella — one monthly payment, one lender and one interest rate.
Your interest rate will be the weighted average of rates on your existing loans, so you can do the math to determine whether private refinancing might be a better deal.
The benefit of a federal direct consolidation loan is you can sign up for an income-driven repayment plan. These plans limit your monthly payment to a percentage of your discretionary income and give you more time — sometimes twice as long — to pay back your loan.
Pro? This option could make your monthly payments easier to swing. Con? With a longer repayment period, you might pay more in the long run because of interest.
4. Chip Away at Your Debt With More Small Payments
You know how much you owe, but you obviously want to owe less, right?
An app called Qoins can help you get debt-free without really thinking about it.
After connecting your accounts and choosing the loans you want to pay off, you’ll just go about spending money (smartly) as you always do.
Qoins uses a round-up feature, so for each purchase you make, it rounds up to the nearest dollar. That spare change automatically goes toward making extra payments on your debt each month.
Users report saving an average $50 per month to put toward their debts
Even better: If you download the app now, you’ll bank an extra $3. Every little bit counts, right?
5. Enroll in an Income-Driven Repayment Plan
Even if you don’t consolidate your loans, you could benefit from an income-driven repayment plan. These plans could help you avoid default or deferment, so you can continue to make steady progress on repayment.
These loans come in four different (but similar) varieties:
- Pay As You Earn (PAYE Plan)
- Income-Based Repayment Plan (IBR Plan)
- Income-Contingent Repayment Plan (ICR Plan)
- Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE Plan)
6. Cut Your Expenses
Maybe you’re struggling to make your student loan payments simply because you’re spending too much money somewhere else.
No judgement here — everyone’s financial situation is unique. But if you’re falling behind on bills, it’s worth taking a look at your budget.
New to managing a household budget? This spreadsheet can help.
And try these tips to save money on your everyday expenses:
If you need help setting aside the money you’ll save, let these apps do it for you.
7. Start a Side Hustle
When you can’t cut spending anymore, it’s time to bring in more money.
If you’re strapped for time, start small. These 12 apps will help you earn extra money for doing almost nothing. Or try something a little more lucrative, like cashing in your aluminum cans for $150 a month.
Or, have a spare room? Might as well list it on Airbnb to make some money off it.
If you’re a good host with a desirable space, you could add hundreds — even thousands — of dollars to your savings account with Airbnb.
(Hosting laws vary from city to city. Please understand the rules and regulations applicable to your city and listing.)
These gigs let you earn more money when you’ve got the time and energy to hustle — and take a break when you’re worn down by a day job, family responsibilities or school.
You could bank an extra $50 or $100 a month without a ton of effort, and that money can make a huge dent in your student loans.
Need more inspiration? Here are 32 ways to make extra money this month.
8. Declare Bankruptcy (If You Have No Other Option)
If all else fails, you can discharge your student loans in bankruptcy — in limited cases.
It’s hard to do, and not very common, but if you’re in dire straits, it’s worth looking into. For your student debt to be considered “undue hardship,” you have to meet the following criteria:
- You’re unable to maintain a minimum standard of living.
- Your situation is not likely to change.
- You’ve made a good-faith effort to repay loans to this point.
A lot depends on your personal circumstances, so always consult an attorney if you’re considering filing bankruptcy.
Paying Off Student Loans
Student loan debt is a ball and chain weighing a lot of us down.
But you don’t have to be chained to it forever. Options like these can make a big difference on your financial situation and help you get rid of that debt once and for all.
Dana Sitar (@danasitar) is a senior writer at The Penny Hoarder. She’s written for Huffington Post, Entrepreneur.com, Writer’s Digest and more, attempting humor wherever it’s allowed (and sometimes where it’s not).