Want to Build Your Savings? Follow Our Ultimate Step-by-Step Guide
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Table of Contents
Step 1: Develop Savings Goals
Step 2: Decide on the Best Budgeting Method
Step 3: Choose a Financial Institution and Accounts
Step 4: Automate Your Finances
Step 5: Establish a Budget-Conscious Lifestyle
Step 6: Make More Money
How to Save Money: Our Ultimate Guide
Take a moment. Think about being your best self — living your best life.
What do you really want to do with your life? Raise a happy family? Travel the world? Buy a nice house? Start your own business?
Reality check: To accomplish any of those things, you’re going to need to save money.
Americans are bad at saving money. And we’re getting worse. Thanks to rising costs, stagnant salaries and student loan debt, we’re saving less than ever.
Are you ready to actually start saving? What you’re reading is a step-by-step guide on how to do it — how to come up with savings strategies, choose a budgeting method, pick the right financial institution, automate your finances and live a budget-conscious lifestyle.
Pour yourself a cup of coffee and buckle up. It’s time to get serious about this.
Step 1: Develop Savings Goals and Strategies
You’re probably asking yourself, “How much should I save?”
Your first move is to set specific savings goals for yourself — emphasis on specific. Naming your goals will make them more real to you. It’ll help you resist the temptation to spend your money on other stuff.
Think Long Term and Short Term
What exactly do you want to save money for? How much will you need to save? And what do you need to save for first? Think short and long term:
- Short term: Save for a real vacation or nice holiday gifts. But first, save enough to have a decent emergency fund — three to six months’ worth of living expenses, in case you run into an unexpected car-repair bill, lose your job or worse.
- Long term: This involves big-picture thinking. Here, you’re saving for your children’s college fund or for your retirement, for example.
Analyze Your Income
How much can you realistically save for these goals, now that you’re making them a priority?
Write down your income and expenses — all of your expenses, from utility bills to your Netflix subscription. You need to know what you’re spending in every category. Pay special attention to what you’re spending on non-essentials, such as eating out.
An easy way to automate this process is to use Trim, a little bot that'll keep track of all your transactions.
Connect your checking account, credit card and savings account for a big-picture look at your spending habits. Then, take a closer look by checking out each of your transactions. Set alerts that'll let you know when bills are due, when you've hit a spending cap or when you've (hopefully not) overdrafted.
Check in on Your Credit
Keeping tabs on your credit score and your credit reports can help guide you to a financially healthier life — especially if you use a free credit-monitoring service like Credit Sesame. It gives you personalized suggestions for improving your credit.
The better your credit, the better off you’ll be when you’re getting a home or car loan. Credit Sesame can estimate how big a mortgage you might qualify for, for example.
Step 2: Decide on the Best Budgeting Method for You
It’s time to start making a budget and sticking to it.
This way, you can put “savings” right into your budget. It’s never an afterthought.
Here are five different budgeting methods. We can’t tell you which one to choose. Be honest with yourself, and choose the one you think is most likely to work for you. This is how you save money on a tight budget.
The 50/20/30 Rule
This one was popularized by U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren, a bankruptcy expert, and her business-executive daughter.
Break down your income and split your spending into three categories: 50% goes to essential bills and expenses, 20% toward financial goals, and 30% to personal spending (all the stuff you like to spend money on but don’t really need).
Good for: People who worry they won’t have a life if they’re on a budget. Here’s our complete guide to 50/20/30 budgeting.
This method helps you budget when you have debt. Pay off your debts with the highest interest rates first — most likely your credit cards. Doing that can save you a lot of money over time.
Good for: People with a lot of credit card debt. Credit cards generally charge you higher interest than other lenders do. Learn more about the debt avalanche method here.
Money management guru Dave Ramsey champions the debt snowball method. Pay off your debts with the smallest balances first. This allows you to eliminate debts from your list faster, which can motivate you to keep going.
Good for: People who owe a lot of different kinds of debts — credit cards, student loans, etc. — and who need motivation. Here’s how to use the debt snowball method to eliminate debt.
So-called envelope budgeting is traditionally a cash-only budget. Every month, you use cash for different categories of spending, and you keep that cash for each category in separate envelopes — labeled for groceries, housing, phone, etc. Prefer plastic? Here’s our review of Mvelopes, an app that lets you digitize this method.
Good for: People who know they need help with self-control. If there’s nothing left in one envelope toward the end of the month, there’s no more money to spend on that category, period.
The way you draw up this budget, your income minus your expenses (including savings) equals zero. This way, you have to justify every expense.
Good for: People who need a simple, straightforward method that accounts for every dollar. Here’s our guide to the zero-based budget.
Step 3: Choose a Financial Institution and Accounts
You might be thinking, I already have a bank. And of course you do. If you’re like most of us, you’ve had the same bank for years.
Most people don’t give this a second thought. They figure it’s too inconvenient to switch. But it’s worth it to shop around for a better option, because where you bank can make a real difference in how much you save.
What to Look for in a Bank Account
Does your checking account pay you interest? What are the fees like? What other perks does it offer?
Did you know the biggest U.S. banks are collecting more than $6 billion a year in overdraft and ATM fees?
We’ve found some great online bank accounts to help you avoid fees and get features you won’t find with the brick-and-mortar banks.
Want to get a jump on payday? Let Chime be your secret weapon. Unlike most banks, this online bank account won’t wait until your pay date to get your money. As soon as it receives notification of a direct deposit from your employer, it immediately posts those funds to your account — up to two days before payday!
Why bank traditionally when you can handle your finances without ever leaving your bed?
There’s no law that requires you to bank the old-fashioned way — at a brick-and-mortar bank with a crummy interest rate on your savings.
It’s time to move your money into the 21st century. An iOS app called Varo Money combines traditional banking tools with modern technology to help its customers become financially healthy.
Here’s the best part: Pair your Bank Account with a Varo Savings Account where you’ll earn 1.5% Annual Percentage Yield. That’s more than 20 times — repeat, 20 times — the average savings account.
Varo goes easy on the fees, too. As long as you use one of its 55,000 ATMs across the world, you’ll never pay fees.
Additionally, you’ll pay no monthly service fees, no minimum balance fees, no foreign transaction fees and no cash replacement fees. You’ll just pay any fees charged by out-of-network ATMs and cash deposit fees if you deposit cash in-store through Green Dot.
Pay Less in Credit Card Interest
To free up more money for savings, try to spend less paying interest on your debts — especially if you have high-interest credit card debt.
These days, credit card interest rates often climb north of 20%. How can you avoid paying all that interest? Your best bet is to cut back on your expenses and pay off your balance as soon as you realistically can.
Start by using the right credit card for you, based on your situation and needs. Would you prefer a card that gives you cash-back rewards or travel incentives, a balance transfer card, or a card that’ll help you build credit?
Also consider paying off your high-interest debt with a low-interest personal loan. It’s easier than you might think. Go window-shopping at an online marketplace for personal loans. Here are some we’ve test-driven for you:
- Credible allows you to compare rates side-by-side from multiple lenders who are competing against each other for your business. It’s best for borrowers who have good credit scores and just want to consolidate their debt.
- Even Financial is similar to Credible but allows you to borrow more money and borrow it for a longer period of time — if that’s what you want to do.
- Lendvious might be your best option if your credit isn’t great. Various lenders on the platform are looking for folks with minimum credit scores ranging from 560 to 650.
- Upstart tends to be helpful for recent grads, who have a young credit history and a mound of student debt. It can help you find a loan without relying on only your conventional credit score.
Step 4: Automate Your Finances
That’s right. We’re deep into the 21st century here, so make technology do the work for you.
You’ll save time, and time is money. Here are a few money-management steps you can take today to ensure you won’t have to think about money for more than a few minutes every month.
Automate Bill Pay
Most bills are paid online now, reports the Credit Union Times. But you can take it a step further. Set it up so you’ll receive and pay all of your bills online through your bank. That simplifies things so you’ll never miss a payment.
Here’s how: Go to your bank’s online bill-pay feature. Enter all the companies that bill you, and the account numbers for each. Arrange to receive e-bills from whichever billers will do that.
You can also have your bank send digital payments to individuals (like a landlord).
Also, see whether your bank offers automatic savings transfers that will move money from your checking account to your savings account each month.
Whatever you need done financially, there’s an app for that. We’ve put several to the test.
- Digit is an automated savings platform that calculates how much money you can save. Here’s our review of Digit (pst, Penny Hoarders will earn a $5 bonus for signing up!).
- Long Game Savings combines online games and saving money.
- WinWin Saving combines saving money with playing classic digital games like video pinball and breakout.
You don’t have to be Warren Buffett to be an investor. You don’t even have to follow the stock market, read The Wall Street Journal or watch CNBC.
Here are some apps that offer easy, automatic ways to start investing — the “set it and forget it” method. They’re useful for tricking your brain into saving more. You’ll do it without even realizing you’re doing it.
- Stash lets you start investing with as little as $5 and for just a $1 monthly fee for balances under $5,000. Bonus: Penny Hoarders get $5 just for signing up! Here's our comprehensive Stash review.
- Acorns connects to your checking account, credit and debit cards to save your digital change. It automatically rounds up purchases with your connected cards and invests the digital change into your chosen portfolio. Bonus: Penny Hoarders get $5 just for signing up! Read our full review of Acorns here.
- Blooom is a company that offers a free “health check-up” for your 401(k). Then, for only $10 a month (Penny Hoarders get the first month free!), it'll optimize and manage your retirement savings for you. See how Blooom helped one Penny Hoarder make the most of her 401(k).
You can automate your budget, too. There’s an app for that. Actually, we’ve found several.
Charlie is a money-saving penguin who lives in your SMS text messages or Facebook Messenger (your choice, though Charlie is more fun and reliable on Messenger). He helps you save money through things like making sure you’re getting the best deals around (ahem, overpaying $24 a month on that cell phone bill?).
Mint lets you see all your accounts, cards, bills and investments in one place.
Step 5: Establish a Budget-Conscious Lifestyle
Here’s the harsh reality: To save more money, you’ll need to spend less money. (Or make more money, but we’ll get to that next.)
That doesn’t mean you have to live like a monk. Nor do you have to survive on ramen noodles and the dollar menu, wear scuffed shoes and patchy clothes, or cut your own hair with hedge clippers.
You just have to be smart and strategic. Here are some of our best tips to help you spend less:
Save Money Around the House
Your home is your castle. But castles are so, like, expensive. Fortunately, there are lots of ways to save money around the house.
Your priciest purchases — like appliances and furniture — are a natural place to look for savings. Try repairing your appliances instead of replacing them. And here’s a good list of other tricks for saving on furniture and appliances.
The cost of cooling, heating and lighting your home is massive. Try installing thermal curtains and a programmable thermostat. Or check out these creative, energy-saving ways to slash your utility bills.
There are so many ways to save and make money around the house, we have a whole category devoted solely to this subject.
Find Free Entertainment
Entertainment can cost an arm and a leg. But hey, we have to live, right? So do it for free! Next time you’re planning a night out, try one of these free date nights or group outings.
If you’re going to stay in, cut the cord.
More and more people are bidding farewell to cable because it’s so expensive. If you’re thinking of switching to an online streaming service and you’re wondering which would be best, we’ve got you covered with our comparison of Netflix, Prime Video and Hulu. We compared costs, type of content, number of available titles and more.
Cut Your Food Budget
Groceries are a huge part of everyone’s budget, so they’re a big target for savings. Here are our favorite tricks to save money on groceries:
- Look for free printable coupons.
- Compare your local grocery prices using this worksheet.
- Ibotta pays you cash-back on purchases if you take pictures of your grocery store receipts. Plus, you’ll get a $10 bonus for signing up!
- Scan grocery stores’ websites for deals and hit more than one store.
Not loving the supermarket? Nearly 70% of us say we spend too much going out to eat. Here’s how to save money at restaurants, too.
Find out If You’re Wasting Money on Insurance
Buying insurance can be confusing and overwhelming, because there are so many options.
Here’s how to find affordable insurance:
For Your Car: Auto Insurance
Here are the blunt facts about how to get lower car insurance premiums: Have fewer accidents, get fewer traffic tickets and boost your credit score.
Automotive experts also gave us the following tips:
- Buy a used car. Here’s our ultimate beginner’s guide for that.
- Participate in your insurer’s safe-driving program.
- Shop around for better rates. One easy way is The Zebra, a car insurance search engine that compares your options from more than 200 providers in less than 60 seconds. Here’s how one guy is saving $360 this year on car insurance because of The Zebra.
For Yourself: Health Insurance
Let’s face it: Health insurance can be confusing and intimidating.
If you’re buying insurance for yourself, start with the federal health insurance marketplace to see whether you qualify for any discounts or assistance.
Finding affordable health care coverage is a huge challenge for freelancers. Here’s how to get covered if you're self-employed.
For free online help, there’s a health care concierge service called Joany. It helps people find and compare plans, seek out doctors and navigate complicated medical bills.
For Your Family: Life Insurance
Many of us would rather not think about death — let alone life insurance.
However, securing life insurance is an important financial move, especially if you’re married, have kids or are in your prime earning years. It pays your dependents when you die, which can help pay for your funeral, mortgage or other debt.
So if “get life insurance” has lingered on your to-do list far too long, take the next 10 minutes to figure it out. Don’t worry — it’s way easier than you think.
If you’re young and mostly healthy, consider purchasing term life insurance online from Ethos. It partners with a major A-rated life insurance carrier to provide policies for a low price. For example, $30 a month could get your family $1 million of coverage.
Anyone, including independent contractors, can secure term life insurance through Ethos without a medical exam or extensive paperwork; just fill out a digital application.
If you prefer more options, head over to Policygenius. The search engine allows you to compare life insurance with instant quotes. Once you find the right fit, you can apply right online.
Step 6: Make More Money
How can you increase your income? It’s easier to save money if you’re bringing in more money to begin with.
Here are a couple of simple ways to make money at home:
Share Your Opinion
You won’t get rich taking surveys, but if you’re just vegging out on the couch, why not click a couple buttons and earn a few bucks? We’ve tried a lot of paid survey sites, and the best we’ve found so far are Survey Junkie, InboxDollars and VIP Voice.
Clear Your Closets
Sell your old stuff! Use the Decluttr app to get paid for your old DVDs, Blu-Rays, CDs, video games, gaming consoles and phones. You can also sell nearly anything through the Letgo app. Just snap a photo of your item and set up a listing in about 30 seconds.
Find a Side Gig
For our best ideas to boost your bottom line, check out the following:
- Unique ways to make money at home.
- How to make money online.
- How to earn passive income.
- The Penny Hoarder’s continually updated page on work-from-home jobs.
Mike Brassfield ([email protected]) is a senior writer at The Penny Hoarder. He’s slowly getting better about saving money.